Articles

Unpacking the Principle of Openness in EU Law, Transparency, Participation and Democracy

Alberto ALEMANNO

European Law Review

February 2014, vol. 39, n°1, pp.72-90

Departments: Tax & Law, GREGHEC (CNRS)

Keywords: Democracy; EU law; Politics and law; Transparency

http://www.sweetandmaxwell.co.uk/catalogue/productdetails.aspx\'?'recordid=427&productid=6968


The purpose of this article is to shed some light on the emerging, yet largely undefined, principle of openness in EU law. After addressing the semantic confusion existing between changing nature of the openness rights accompanied by the growing demand for more active participation inherent to our times is set to reinvigorate civic life and, more importantly, to ensure political legitimacy grounded in democratic values.openness and transparency, it attempts, through a textual and systemic interpretation of their respective legal bases, to identify the normative content of the European Union’s turn to openness. It then explores the principle’s potential for attaining its declared Treaty-sanctioned objectives: promoting good governance and ensuring the participation of civil society in the democratic life of the Union. It illustrates that, although openness largely maintains an instrumental rationale, aimed at enhancing the quality of the regulatory outcome rather than at promoting a more inclusive process, the institutional, substantive and societal landscapes surrounding its operation have changed in recent times. It demonstrates that these alterations may help to shift the understanding of openness in the European Union away from a specific, unidirectional, bottom-up right of access to information to a much broader, proactive and topdown duty of the EU administration to genuinely open its vault of information to the public and create new avenues of participation for civil societies and other organised interests. The changing nature of the openness rights accompanied by the growing demand for more active participation inherent to our times is set to reinvigorate civic life and, more importantly, to ensure political legitimacy grounded in democratic values

A Configural Approach to Coordinating Expertise in Software Development Teams

S. KUDARAVALLI, S. FARAJ, S. L. JOHNSON

MIS Quarterly

Forthcoming

Departments: Informations Systems and Operations Management, GREGHEC (CNRS)

Keywords: Software development, software teams, expertise coordination, configuration, centralization, knowledge tacitness, team conflict, coordination success

http://misq.org/a-configural-approach-to-coordinating-expertise-in-software-development-teams.html


Despite the recognition of how important expertise coordination is to the performance of software development teams, understanding of how expertise is coordinated in practice is limited. We adopt a configural approach to develop a theoretical model of expertise coordination that differentiates between design collaboration and technical collaboration. We propose that neither a strictly centralized, top-down model nor a largely decentralized approach is superior. Our model is tested in a field study of 71 software development teams. We conclude that because design work addresses ill-structured problems with diverse potential solutions, decentralization of design collaboration can lead to greater coordination success and reduced team conflict. Conversely, technical work benefits from centralized collaboration. We find that task knowledge tacitness strengthens these relationships between collaboration configuration and coordination outcomes and that team conflict mediates the relationships. Our findings underline the need to differentiate between technical and design collaboration and point to the importance of certain configurations in reducing team conflict and increasing coordination success in software development teams. This paper opens up new research avenues to explore the collaborative mechanisms underlying knowledge team performance.

A Legal Analysis of Packaging Standardisation Requirements Under EU Law - The Case of ‘Plain Packaging’ in the United Kingdom

A. ALEMANNO

Journal of Business Law

Forthcoming

Departments: Tax & Law, GREGHEC (CNRS)


A Mathematical Turn in Business Regulation: The Rise of Legal Indicators

D. RESTREPO AMARILES

International Journal of Law in Context

Forthcoming

Departments: Tax & Law


A Model of Mental Accounting and Reference Price Adaptation

M. BAUCELLS, W. HWANG

Management Science

Forthcoming

Departments: Informations Systems and Operations Management

Keywords: Mental accounting, reference price, loss aversion, sunk-cost fallacy, payment depreciation, reluctance to trade, flat-rate bias.

http://pubsonline.informs.org/doi/abs/10.1287/mnsc.2016.2569


Achieving High Growth in Policy-Dependent Industries: Differences between Startups and Corporate-Backed Ventures

R. DURAND, G. PANAYIOTIS (PANIKOS)

Long Range Planning

Forthcoming

Departments: Strategy & Business Policy, GREGHEC (CNRS)

http://ssrn.com/abstract=2794262


This research examines which firms achieve high growth in policy-dependent industries. Using the European solar photovoltaic industry as our empirical setting, we investigate the impact of policy support on the growth of independent startups and corporate-backed ventures operating across countries with diverse policy conditions. We find that producers' growth is positively linked to policy generosity, and negatively linked to policy discontinuity. Moreover, corporate-backed ventures are less affected by policy generosity compared to entrepreneurial startups, and less impacted by policy discontinuity as well. Our results underline the importance of country- and firm-level differences in analyzing firms' response to regulatory policies, and point to the need for a better understanding of the unintended consequences of policies designed to support new industries.