Corporate Governance and Value Creation: Evidence from Private Equity

V. Acharya, O. GOTTSCHALG, M. Hahn, C. Kehoe

Review of Financial Studies

February 2013, vol. 26, n°2, pp.368-402

Departments: Strategy & Business Policy, GREGHEC (CNRS)

Keywords: leveraged buyouts (LBO), management buyouts (MBO), active ownership, activism, management turnover, alpha

We examine deal-level data from 395 private equity transactions in Western Europe initiated by large private equity houses during the period 1991 to 2007. We un-lever the deal-level equity return and adjust for un-levered return to quoted peers to extract a measure of abnormal performance of the deal. The abnormal performance is significantly positive on average, and stays positive in periods with low sector returns. In the cross-section of deals, higher abnormal performance is related to greater growth in sales and greater improvement in EBITDA to sales ratio (margin) during the private phase, relative to those of quoted peers. Finally, we show that general partners with an operational background (ex-consultants or ex-industry-managers) generate significantly higher outperformance in organic deals that focus exclusively on internal value creation programs; in contrast, general partners with a background in finance (ex-bankers or ex-accountants) generate higher outperformance in deals with significant M&A events. We interpret these findings as evidence, on average, of positive, but heterogeneous skills at deal partner level in private equity transactions