Articles

Performance Gender-Gap: Does Competition Matter ?

E. ÖRS, F. Palomino, E.-A. PEYRACHE

Journal of Labor Economics

July 2013, vol. 31, n°3, pp.443-499

Departments: Finance, GREGHEC (CNRS), Economics & Decision Sciences

Keywords: Gender-gap, Relative-performance evaluation, Tournament

http://ssrn.com/abstract=1240201


Using data for students undertaking a series of real-world academic examinations with high future payoffs, we examine whether the differences in these evaluations’ competitive nature generate a performance gender gap. In the univariate setting we find that women’s performance is first-order stochastically dominated by that of men when the competition is higher, whereas the reverse holds true in the less competitive or noncompetitive tests. These results are confirmed in the multivariate setting. Our findings, from a real-world setting with important payoffs at stake, are in line with the evidence from experimental research that finds that females tend to perform worse in more competitive context


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