The Initial Public Offerings of Listed Firms

F. DERRIEN, A. Kecskès

The Journal of Finance

February 2007, vol. 62, n°1, pp.447-479

Departments: Finance, GREGHEC (CNRS)

A number of firms in the United Kingdom list without issuing equity and then issue equity shortly thereafter. We argue that this two-stage offering strategy is less costly than an initial public offering (IPO) because trading reduces the valuation uncertainty of these firms before they issue equity. We find that initial returns are 10% to 30% lower for these firms than for comparable IPOs, and we provide evidence that the market in the firm's shares lowers financing costs. We also show that these firms time the market both when they list and when they issue equityKeywords Plus: SEASONED EQUITY OFFERINGS; LONG-RUN UNDERPERFORMANCE; STOCK RETURNS; ISSUES; IPOS; MARKET; PERFORMANCE; LIQUIDITY; AUCTIONS; VENTURE