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Specialized in education and research in management, HEC Paris offers a complete and unique range of educational programs for the leaders of tomorrow: Masters Programs, MBA, PhD, HEC Executive MBA, TRIUM Global Executive MBA and Executive Education open-enrolment and custom programs.
Founded in 1881 by the Paris Chamber of Commerce and Industry and founding member of ParisTech, HEC Paris has a permanent faculty of 115 professors, more than 4,000 students and over 8,500 managers and executives in training every year.
The Master in Management - Grande Ecole Program is designed for students who hold a Bachelor’s degree in any field. The 1st academic year is comprised of general business courses; the 2nd academic year is devoted to the student’s area of specialization.
The school selects students that show the highest potential and then guides them towards the top careers in management. The vocation of the Grande Ecole program is therefore to train its students to become leaders, capable of anticipating changes in the world and of playing a responsible role within it.
HEC successfully meets this exciting challenge by:
- systematically registering all of the knowledge transmitted at HEC at the forefront of research, in all fields of management science;
- being up to date with the on-the-field practices and expectations of the businesses that the school has maintained extremely close relations with since its creation and developing leadership and entrepreneurial skills amongst the students;
- giving all its students the opportunity to have a more international outlook from the beginning and throughout their school life, whether this is through exchanges or double degrees or even on the campus itself, where more than 95 nationalities are brought together.
The Specialized Masters and MSc provide students with a specialization in a sector or a function. Lasting 8 to 12 months and taught full-time, they are aimed at candidates, with little or no professional experience, who have graduated from higher education in France or abroad, and wish to acquire an expertise in a specific field of management.
Six programs are offered in English: MSc in International Finance (with one option in Real Estate conferring a double degree with the University of Wisconsin), Masters in Strategic Management, MSc in International Business, MSc in Managerial & Financial Economics, MSc in Marketing, MSc in Sustainable Development.
Five programs are offered in French: Specialized Masters in International Law and Management, Specialized Masters for Entrepreneurs, Specialized Masters in Projects Management, Specialized Masters in Intelligence Marketing, Specialized Masters in Media Arts and Creation.
One program, two options: 16-month full-time MBA and 24-month part-time MBA.
The HEC MBA is divided into 2 phases. During the fundamental phase participants gain a solid foundation in 11 core business subjects. In the customized phase participants tailor the MBA to suit their individual career paths in selecting from a range of business concentrations, corporate experience and international exchanges.
Participants gain hands-on, practical experience through seminars integrated into the curriculum, such as the MBA Tournament and the off-campus leadership seminar at St-Cyr Military Academy.
The program offers participants a unique and valuable experience of being immersed in a student body of highly diverse nationalities, academic and professional backgrounds. Teamed with exceptionally talented peers, participants motivate each other to achieve, to realize their full potential and ultimately develop and sharpen their leadership skills.
A unique program: 8 majors • 5 locations • 1 single diploma
Specifically built to provide to the managers and to the executives around the world the opportunity to choose from eight majors, but also to follow their courses in five different international locations. The HEC Executive MBA is a program aimed toward senior executives around the world willing to accelerate and boost their career at the mid-term of their professional lives. The main values of our education program are based on strategy, change management, leadership and entrepreneurship.
The Executive MBA is conducted in Paris, Beijing, Shanghai, St. Petersburg and Doha and allows you to remain either in your home track throughout the program, or to take classes within different environments.
In order to fulfill the needs of the executives in today's world, we offer eight different majors: Entrepreneurship & Innovation, Differentiation and Innovation, Global Business Perspectives, Aerospace & Aviation Management in an Energy-Concerned Economy, Telecom & Digital Business, Services and Luxury Management. These majors will allow participants to specialize themselves in a specific field and increase their knowledge in various sectors.
TRIUM Global Executive MBA enables executives to understand the world, as it is today and will be tomorrow.
Ranked #3 Executive MBA worldwide by the Financial Times, it is a unique degree jointly awarded by 3 world-renowned universities: HEC Paris, London School of Economics & Political Science, New York University Stern School of Business.
Speed up your career!
Ranked #1 worldwide for Executive Education by the Financial Times, we offer trainings for business leaders and host over 8,500 executives and managers from the whole world. Our mission is to assist companies in training managers, future managers and leaders.
Our desire is to offer executive education programs specifically built for managers and executives. They allow you to put into perspective by revisiting your convictions, enrich you thanks to the diversity of the participants and offer proximity and access to corporate issues. HEC Executive Education relies on the excellence of the faculty of HEC Paris, the expertise of its external speakers and the international reputation of its research in order to offer to its customers a unique and unforgettable experience.
HEC Paris offers:
- a 4-year full-time doctoral program fully taught in English that meets the highest international standards
- a program which fosters originality, innovation and the ability to advance the frontier of management knowledge
- a first year dedicated to courses to give you a grasp of research skills and advanced conceptual frameworks in your field
- supervision by a world-class Faculty engaged in cutting-edge research
- placement at top-level academic institutions around the world.
The faculty is central to knowledge creation and dissemination at HEC. Our 115 permanent faculty (over half are from outside France) work on internationally acclaimed research in most of the major disciplines of management, reflecting the diversity of thought and cultures, the open-mindedness and the exacting intellectual standards promoted at HEC.
The permanent faculty is reinforced by 94 affiliate professors bringing their academic and professional skills to HEC's students and program participants, and 40 visiting professors each year who come to teach and carry out research alongside HEC's own professors.
All these professors enhance HEC's courses and programs through their research work, original teaching materials, and personal interaction with the business world; they contribute to corporate reflection on management issues and are involved in national and international scientific community debates.
At HEC Paris, companies find what they are looking for: interns, young graduates, MBA graduates, executive education programs, professors to work with on research or teaching projects. Drawing from this positive experience, some of them decide to support HEC's development and become HEC corporate partners.
- 2,000 internships
- 250 companies attending recruitment events on campus in 2012
- 18 Chairs and Center
- 47 HEC Foundation corporate partners
- 80 Club Campus partners
- 8,500 Executive Education participants
In the 'Press Room', find everything you need to know about HEC Paris, our programs, faculty, international relationships, corporate partnerships and life on campus. In the blink of an eye, discover what the press says about HEC with our latest news postings.
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Departments: Strategy & Business Policy
A central theme of economic sociology has been to highlight the complexity and diversity of real-world markets, but many network models of economic social structure ignore this feature and rely instead on stylized one-dimensional characterizations. Here, we return to the basic insight of structural diversity in economic sociology. Using the Indian interorganizational ownership network as our case, we discover a composite – or “hybrid” – model of economic networks that combines elements of prior stylized models. The network contains a disconnected periphery conforming closely to a “transactional” model; a semi-periphery characterized by small, dense clusters with sporadic links, as predicted in “small world” models; and finally a nested core composed of clusters connected via multiple independent paths. We then show how a firm’s position within the meso-level structure is associated with demographic features such as age and industry, and differences in the extent to which firms engage in multiplex and high value exchanges
Keywords: Network, Organization, Structure
Department Finance and Economics
Consistent with salience theories of choice, we find that managers overreact to salient risks. We study how managers respond to the occurrence of a hurricane event when their firms are located in the neighborhood of the disaster area. We find that the sudden shock to the perceived liquidity risk leads managers to increase the amount of corporate cash holdings, even though the real liquidity risk remains unchanged. Such an increase in cash holdings is only temporary. Over time, the perceived risk decreases, and the bias disappears. This bias is costly for shareholders because it leads to higher retained earnings and negatively impacts firm value by reducing the value of cash. We examine alternative explanations for our findings. In particular, we find only weak evidence that the possibility of risk learning or regional spillover effects may influence our results.
Department Strategy and Business Policy
Decades of accumulated knowledge empowers our quest to de-bias human cognition. However, I propose that improvement methods aimed at certain biases may introduce new biases due to cognitive and situational limitations: Such limitations give rise to simplifying and protecting processes (SPPs), the unthorough nature of which results in biases. De-biasing may target these processes but ultimately cannot always resolve the underlying cognitive and situational limitations. Consequently, de-biasing runs the risk of forcing either a switch in SPPs or an introduction of new SPPs, thereby exposing us to the threats of new biases. In this paper, I analyse the model of simplifying and protecting processes and discuss promising directions of de-biasing. The model of SPPs stands in line with extant literature on the underlying causes of cognitive bias as well as on the methods of de-biasing, but extends them by synthesizing a coherent theory. It contributes to the judgement and decision making literature that seeks to answer four questions: (a) What mechanism underlies biases? (b) How to de-bias? (c) Why does de-biasing have limitations? (d) Where to channel de-biasing efforts so as to reduce the unbeneficial effects of biases?
Departments: Accounting & Management Control, GREGHEC (CNRS)
While it is generally maintained that earnings management can occur to inform as well as to mislead, evidence that earnings management informs has been scarce, and evidence that credibility increases with signal costliness inexistent. We provide evidence that firms use discretion over financial reporting and real activities to report higher earnings on lower sales from continuing operations. Although these firms defy gravity artificially, we show that the upwards earnings management informs rather than misleads investors. We find that firms that defy gravity (1) report higher future earnings and cash flows, (2) earn higher one-year-ahead abnormal returns, (3) have a positive market reaction to the defying gravity earnings announcement, and (4) their CEOs are more likely to be net buyers in the year preceding the defying gravity event. We also show that the upwards earnings management signal is more credible when it is more costly to achieve: Defying gravity firms perform better when they bear the opportunity loss of not taking a big bath in times of crisis — years where poorer performance can be blamed on economy-wide shocks, and when they have fewer degrees of freedom to report higher earnings.
Keywords: Earnings Management, Signaling, Informativeness, Opportunism, Credibility
Department Finance and Economics
The correlation across US states in house price growth increased steadily between 1976 and 2000. This paper shows that the contemporaneous geographic integration of the US banking market, via the emergence of large banks, was a primary driver of this phenomenon. To this end, we first theoretically derive an appropriate measure of banking integration across state pairs and document that house price growth correlation is strongly related to this measure of financial integration. Our IV estimates suggest that banking integration can explain up to one third of the rise in house price correlation over the period.
Departments: Economics & Decision Sciences, GREGHEC (CNRS)
Few problems in decision theory have raised more persisting interest than the Allais paradox. It appears that sufficiently many brilliant works have addressed it from within decision theory proper for history and philosophy of science now to enter stage.In its historical side, the paper recounts the paradox as it arose, i.e., in 1952, at a Paris conference attended by the main decision theorists of the time. They had drawn renewed confidence in expected utility theory (EUT) from the way von Neumann and Morgenstern had axiomatized it in 1947, and Allais devised his puzzle precisely to shaken their confidence. The issues between the two camps were normative, but they became lost in the developments of the 1980s that belatedly brought fame to the "Allais paradox". These works restricted the paradox to be a straightforward empirical refutation, turning it into a stake of also exclusively empirically oriented non-EU theories.In its philosophical vein, the paper tries to evaluate this shift of interpretation. To an extent, decision theorists were right because their experimental work was thus freed from a major complication and amenable to illuminating results: EUT was empirically refuted, the independence axiom of von Neumann and Morgentern was the main culprit, and the next theoretical stage was to modify this axiom appropriately. However, they were also wrong in not addressing an essential feature of their field, i.e., that observed behaviour is informative only if agents are prepared to endorse it reflectingly, i.e., to endow it with some normative value. As reconstructed here, Allais meant to reserve choice experiments to rational subjects, who were either selected at the outset, or identified as such by the experimental results. The paper tries to flesh out Allais's intuitions by turning to by now little known works of the 1970s, which under his influence provided experimental renderings of rationality, and it eventually suggests that decision theory might diversify its methods by taking inspiration from these original attempts.
Keywords: Allais Paradox, expected utility theory, von Neumann-Morgenstern, positive vs normative, experimental economics of decision, rationality
Departments: Finance, GREGHEC (CNRS)
We investigate how a large-scale French reform to reduce the risk from small business creation for unemployed workers, affects the composition of people who are drawn into entrepreneurship. New firms started in response to the reform are, on average, smaller, but have similar growth expectations and education levels compared to start-ups before the reform. They are also as likely to survive or to hire. However, there are large crowd-out effects: Employment in incumbent firms decreases by a similar magnitude as the number of new jobs created in start-ups. These results point to the importance of Schumpeterian dynamics when facilitating entry
Keywords: Entrepreneurship; Unemployment insurance; Crowding out
Departments: Finance, GREGHEC (CNRS)
We examine the impact of aging on wine prices and the performance of wine as a long-term investment, using a unique historical database for five long-established Bordeaux wines that we construct from auction and dealer prices. We estimate the life-cycle price patterns with a regression model that avoids multicollinearity between age, vintage year, and time by replacing the vintage effects with annual data on production yields and weather quality. In line with the predictions of an illustrative model, we observe the highest rates of appreciation for young high-quality wines that are still maturing. The findings suggest that the non-financial “psychic return” to holding wines that are substantially beyond maturity is at least 1%. Using an arithmetic repeat-sales regression, we estimate an annualized return to wine investments (net of insurance and storage costs) of 4.1%, in real GBP terms, between 1900 and 2012. Wine underperforms equities over this period, but outperforms government bonds, art, and stamps. Wine and equity returns are positively correlated.
Keywords: alternative investments, luxury goods, price indexes, psychic return, consumption, storage
Department Finance and Economics
How does underlying knowledge support market development? Our research shows how a knowledge community may be necessary to support the emergence of new categories in markets where products are evaluated before purchase. Using epistemic cultures to frame field growth, we review the development of artwork as a recognizable financial investment category, highlighting institutionalized expectations about evaluation and monitoring of financial assets. We provide a longitudinal study of art investment lexicon (i.e. language) using Google Books data, showing an increasing interest in art investment and the art market. Despite sustained interest, art investments often failed. To explain this we provide a grounded process study of historical data. We find the growth of an epistemic culture around art investing, facilitated by new market actors who met the needs of professional investors for transparency and accountability. Technical knowledge about art investment flowed from economists, art price services, art market analysts, and others, developing alongside practical knowledge about how to structure ventures and profit from art investment. Because empirical investment properties underlie financial market categories, we argue that growth of art investment knowledge — despite venture failures — was just as important for the market development as entrepreneurs and investors willing to enter the area.
Department Finance and Economics
We examine the toxic loans sold by investment banks to local governments. Using proprietary data, we show that politicians strategically use these products to increase chances of being re-elected. Consistent with greater incentives to hide debt, toxic loans are utilized significantly more frequently within highly indebted local governments. Incumbent politicians from politically contested areas are also more likely to turn to toxic loans. Using a difference-in-differences methodology, we show that politicians time the election cycle by implementing more transactions immediately before an election than after. Politicians also exhibit herding behavior. Our findings demonstrate how financial innovation can foster strategic behaviors.
HEC Paris - 1, rue de la Libération
78351 Jouy en Josas Cedex
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