A Framework for Stakeholder Oriented Mindfulness: Case of RFID Implementation at YCH Group

T. S. H. Teo, S. C. SRIVASTAVA, C. Ranganathan, J. W. K. Loo

European Journal of Information Systems

March 2011, vol. 20, n°2, pp.201-220

Departments: Information Systems and Operations Management, GREGHEC (CNRS)

Keywords: RFID, YCH Group, Mindfulness, Stakeholder, Implementation

Implementation of innovative technology in organizations is often fraught with challenges. Past literature on mindfulness suggests that mindful implementation of innovative solutions facilitates success and enhances effectiveness for the organization. Integrating insights from the mindfulness and stakeholder perspectives, we present and analyze a longitudinal case study of Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) implementation at YCH Group, a leading logistics provider in the Asia-Pacific region. Our objectives are to examine key attributes of mindfulness as well as identify specific organizational routines that fostered mindfulness at YCH that ultimately paved the way for effective implementation of RFID technology. Important lessons can be learnt from how YCH instituted organizational routines that enabled them to mindfully implement RFID, by explicitly considering both internal and external stakeholders

Approches stratégiques des émissions CO2: figures libres ou figures imposées? Les cas de l'industrie cimentière et de l'industrie chimique [Strategic Approaches of CO2 Emissions: Short Program or Long Program ? The Cases of the Cement Industry and Chemica

D.-L. ARJALIES, C. Goubet, J. Ponssard

Revue Française de Gestion

June 2011, n°215, pp.123-146

Departments: Accounting & Management Control

Keywords: CO2, Développement durable, Innovation, Stratégie

La capacité des entreprises à transformer une contrainte environnementale en source d'opportunité stratégique est un sujet controversé dans la littérature. S'appuyant sur une étude comparative des stratégies de lutte contre les émissions CO2 mises en place par les industries cimentière et chimique, l'article démontre que la latitude des entreprises à adopter une approche proactive en termes de développement durable est fortement contrainte par les caractéristiques du secteur en termes de dépendance vis-à-vis des ressources naturelles, de flexibilité dans la composition du portefeuille d'activités et de structure du secteur aval.

Balancing specialized and generic capabilities in the provision of integrated solutions

F. Ceci, A. MASINI

Industrial and Corporate Change

February 2011, vol. 20, n°1, pp.91-131

Departments: Information Systems and Operations Management, GREGHEC (CNRS)

Keywords: Capabilities, Integrated Solutions, Cluster Analysis

Integrated bundles of products and services are gaining importance in various sectors and are reshaping the competitive landscape of many industries. They also pose new challenges to established firms, who need to reconfigure their capabilities. Drawing upon the resource-based view and contingency theory, we test a model of fit between environmental requirements and integrated solutions capabilities in the IT sector. We use the model to interpret the current industry structure and analyze its dynamics. The analysis suggests the existence of four different configurations and indicates that differences in fit between environmental variables and strategic choices partially account for performance differences among integrated solution providers. The results also suggest that, although the provision of bundled products and services confers some a priori advantages to IS providers over generic IT firms, these advantages are greater for firms that are able to align their capabilities to the characteristics of their operational environment

Better Vision for the Poor

B. GARRETTE, A. Karnani, J. Kassalow, M. Lee

Stanford Social Innovation Review

Spring 2011, pp.66-71

Departments: Strategy & Business Policy, GREGHEC (CNRS)

Beyond disciplinary enclosures: Management control in the society of control


Critical Perspectives on Accounting

2011, vol. 22, n°2, pp.200-211

Departments: Accounting & Management Control, GREGHEC (CNRS)

pas sous affiliation HEC

Development and Impact of e-Government: The Intertwined Role of e-Commerce from a Cross-Country Stakeholder Perspective


Electronic government: an international journal

2011, vol. 8, n°2-3, pp.144-163

Departments: Information Systems and Operations Management, GREGHEC (CNRS)

Keywords: Electronic commerce, e-commerce, e-business, Electronic business, Cross-country perspectives, Stakeholder perspectives, ICT readiness, Information technology, Communications technology, Primary stakeholders, National stakeholders, Citizen groups, Business organisations, ICT impact, Usage patterns, Interdependencies, Electronic government, e-government.

Anchoring our research in stakeholder theory and using secondary data from 100 countries, we examine the role of 'Information Technology (IT) readiness' of primary national stakeholder groups in a nation (i.e., citizens, businesses and governments), in facilitating both ''e-government and e-Commerce development'' in a nation. Furthermore, using the IT impact perspective, we examine the impact of e-government and e-Commerce development on the 'IT usage patterns' of the three identified national stakeholder groups. This study also examines the relationships between e-government and e-commerce in a nation so as to identify the important interdependencies between the two

EUA and sCER phase II price drivers: Unveiling the reasons for the existence of the EUAsCER spread

E. ALBEROLA, M. Mansanet-Bataller, M. Hervé-Mignucci, J. Chevallier

Energy Policy

March 2011, vol. 39, n°3, pp.1056-1069

Keywords: EUA-sCER Spread, Arbitrage, Emissions Markets

Heterogeneous Motives and the Collective Creation of Value

F. Bridoux, R. Coeurderoy, R. DURAND

Academy of Management Review

October 2011, vol. 36, n°4, pp.711-730

Departments: Strategy & Business Policy, GREGHEC (CNRS)

Keywords: Value, Motivation (Psychology), Behavior economics, Social psychology, Monetary incentives, Cooperation

The collective creation of value has remained underexplored in management research. Drawing on social psychology and behavioral economics, we analyze the impact of the mix of employee motives to cooperate and compare the collective value generated by three motivational systems: individual monetary incentives, benevolent cooperation, and disciplined cooperation. Aligning the motivational system with the mix of motives in the workforce allows firms to foster cooperation and realize the value creation potential of their resources

Is E-Government Providing The Promised Returns?: A Value Framework For Assessing E-Government Impact


Transforming Government: People, Process and Policy

2011, vol. 5, n°2, pp.107-113

Departments: Information Systems and Operations Management, GREGHEC (CNRS)

Keywords: Citizens, Government, Communication technologies, Information media

Purpose– The purpose of this viewpoint is to provide a framework for future research one-government impact.Design/methodology/approach– Using a concise review of major e-government studies, we present a value framework for assessing the impact of e-government. Specifically, we integrate the twostakeholder perspectives on e-government namely the “government” and the “citizen” and identify areas where e-government can provide returns.Findings– The model delineates three government and five citizen areas where e-government may create an impact. The three government areas are policy making, program administration, and compliance. The five citizen areas are financial, political, social, ideological, and stewardship. The impact in these areas is created because of two major value-generating mechanisms: enhancements in efficiency and enhancements in effectiveness. Further, the impact is created at different levels of analyses: local, state, and central governments.Originality/value– This viewpoint provides a timely discussion on returns from e-government andprovides a value framework for assessing these returns. It also provides several suggestions for future research in this area. This viewpoint is a call for systematic future research on the impact of e-government

La riforma francese dell’arbitrato. Un commentario sistematico / The French Reform of Arbitration Law. A Systematic Commentary


Diritto del Commercio Internazionale

2011, vol. 25, pp.927-971

Departments: Tax & Law, GREGHEC (CNRS)

On Intersecting Ground: the Changing Structure of U.S. Corporate Networks

D. Knoke, D. MANI

Social Network Analysis and Mining

2011, vol. 1, n°1, pp.43-58

Departments: Strategy & Business Policy

Keywords: R&D, Research joint venture, Social rate of return welfare analysis, Innovation, Game theory

Water demand for different applications is increasing year by year, while on the contrary, its availability, due to various reasons, tends to decrease. Also, districts that are historically rich in such resource have to deal with this new situation and give great attention and care to water management. Good examples of an integrated approach to water management in the Veneto Region are the 'Modello strutturale degli Acquedotti del Veneto' and the 'Progetto integrato Fusina'. The first project aims at managing water resources of a district with 4,500,000 inhabitants for the next 30 years, while the second one intends to realise an integrated plant capable of purifying wastewaters produced by a great industrial and urban area of 600,000 inhabitants and to supply purified waters instead of clean fresh water for industrial needs

Personal networks and knowledge transfer in inter-organizational networks

N. Rejeb, L. Mezghani, B. QUÉLIN

Journal of Small Business and Enterprise Development

2011, vol. 18, n°2, pp.278-297

Departments: Strategy & Business Policy, GREGHEC (CNRS)

Keywords: Knowledge transfer, Best practice, Learning organizations, Information management

Purpose– The purpose of this paper is to test the transfer of good practices under the effect of various aspects of personal networks. Whereas, the majority of former work considers a direct effect of networks on knowledge transfer, the authors examined two intermediate mechanisms: the access to strategic resources and the individual's absorptive capacity.Design/methodology/approach– A quantitative study was used to collect data, via a face-to-face questionnaire with key individuals in small and medium entreprises members of consortia in Tunisia. Data were analysed with a structural equations approach, based on partial least squared-path modelling techniques.Findings– Results emphasize the impact of network size, strength of ties and absorptive capacity on the strategic resource access and the impact of indirect ties, strength and range of ties on the absorptive capacity. Moreover, while absorptive capacity positively impacts good practice transfer, no support was found to the effect of resource access.Research limitations/implications– The main limitation of this study concerns the measuring of good practice transfer, since in literature there are often imprecise proxies. Also, while the authors have investigated the global impact of strategic resources, future research needs to treat them separately. Finally, a longitudinal study allows better capture of the evolution of the phenomenon studied.Practical implications– Top management and directors at a consortium level need to pay careful attention to the social context within which knowledge transfer efforts occur. Resources exchanged and the absorptive capacity developed through social interactions must be designed to increase knowledge flows between firms.Originality/value– The paper links two bodies of research often studied separately in inter-organizational research: literature on social networks and that on inter-organizational learning. It is hoped that the paper contributes to a cross-fertilization of the two fields

Role of Resource Gap and Value Appropriation: Effect of Reputation Gap on Price Premium in Online Auctions

T. OBLOJ, L. Capron

Strategic Management Journal

April 2011, vol. 32, n°4, pp.447-456

Departments: Strategy & Business Policy, GREGHEC (CNRS)

pas sous affiliation HECIn this study, we draw on the resource?based view of the firm and on value?based models of strategy to examine when firms appropriate value from their superior resources. We argue for the need to take into account the role of the resource gap between competitors rather than the absolute resource stock of the focal firm when examining the resource?performance relationship. In particular, we investigate whether the ability of a reputable seller to command a price premium is influenced by the reputation gap (i.e., the reputation differences between the focal seller and its closest competitor standardized by the reputation stock of both sellers). We test our hypotheses on 72 matched pairs of online transactions screened from more than 2,000 auctions of new mobile phones on the Polish Internet auction site Allegro. We find that the ability of a reputable seller to command a price premium (1) increases with the size of the reputation gap between the focal seller and its matched competitor, and (2) becomes increasingly smaller for each additional unit of the seller reputation gap. Copyright © 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.keyword(s)resource?based view, value?based strategy, resource gap, reputation, value appropriation, intangible resources

The Impact of Norm-Conforming Behaviors on Firm Reputation

D. Philippe, R. DURAND

Strategic Management Journal

September 2011, vol. 32, n°9, pp.969-993

Departments: Strategy & Business Policy, GREGHEC (CNRS)

Keywords: Conformity, Reputation, Norm, Corporate environmentalism, Communication

Deviance from social norms has been extensively examined in recent strategy research, leaving the strategic implications of conformity largely unexplored. In this article, we argue that firms can elect to conform to a norm along two dimensions: compliance with the goal and level of commitment to the procedures. We then produce a typology of four norm-conforming behaviors, which allows us to isolate differentiated effects of conformity on firm reputation. We examine the corporate environmental disclosures of 90 U.S. firms and find that firms derive different reputational rewards depending on whether they conform to the goal or procedure dimension of the environmental transparency norm. In addition, the relationship between conformity and reputation is moderated by the firm's prior reputation and the stringency of the normative environment

The introduction of French theory into English language accounting research


Accounting, Auditing and Accountability Journal

2011, vol. 24, n°2, pp.140-160

Departments: Accounting & Management Control

The path of most persistence: An evolutionary perspective on path dependence and dynamic capabilities


Organization Studies

March 2011, vol. 32, n°3, pp.365-382

Departments: Strategy & Business Policy, GREGHEC (CNRS)

Keywords: Competitive advantage, Dynamic capability, Intentionality path dependence selection

This paper extends the dynamic capability view and research on organizational path dependence by arguing that path dependence can be a property of capabilities when a contingently-triggered capability path is subject to self-reinforcement (i.e. a set of positive and negative mechanisms that increases the attractiveness of a path relative to others). The paper introduces an evolutionary perspective, which specifies the underlying selection mechanisms of the property of path dependence in internal and external firm environments. This theorization sheds new light on three paradoxes that currently blur the theoretical contribution of path dependence to research at the managerial, organizational, and industry levels: (1) the problematic coexistence of path irreversibility and managerial intentionality; (2) the ambivalent strategic value of lock-in with regard to competitive advantage; and (3) the relative homogeneity in observed dynamic capabilities, despite their (possible) path dependence that should lead to a wider variety of outcomes owing to the presence of contingency. We highlight the contributions of this perspective to strategic management research and evolutionary theories

Tracing performance in the pharmaceutical industry: ambivalence, opacity and the performativity of flawed measures


Accounting Organizations and Society

October 2011, vol. 36, n°7, pp.428-455

Departments: Accounting & Management Control

Using Biomass to Achieve European Union Energy Targets—A Review of Biomass Status, Potential, and Supporting Policies


International Journal of Green Energy

2011, vol. 8, n°4, pp.411-428

Departments: Strategy & Business Policy

Keywords: Bioenergy, Bioenergy policies, Biomass, Biomass policies, Data validation, Energy policies, Renewables, Scientific reference system, SRS

In an effort to monitor its ambitious energy targets toward a “green Europe,” the European Commission has set up a project to enhance the availability, completeness, and quality of data regarding Green Energy Technologies. The Scientific Reference System (SRS) established in the framework of this project intends to support better-informed decisions. In this paper, we discuss the information gathered regarding energy from biomass by using the SRS methodology. First, the SRS approach is summarized and following that we present the findings of the research conducted by analyzing the data regarding biomass, with focus on energy policy frameworks

Value creation and value capture with frictions


Strategic Management Journal

November 2011, vol. 32, n°11, pp.1206-1231

Departments: Strategy & Business Policy, GREGHEC (CNRS)

Keywords: Value-based strategy, Biform games, Industry analysis, Rivalry, Sustainable competitive advantage

We use a formal value-based model to study how frictions—incomplete linkages in the industry value chain that keep some parties from meeting and transacting—affect value creation and value capture. Frictions arise from search and switching costs and moderate the intensity of industry rivalry and the efficiency of the market. We find that firms with a competitive advantage prefer industries with less, but not zero, frictions. We show that rivalry interacts nontrivially with other competitive forces to affect industry attractiveness. Firm heterogeneity emerges naturally when we introduce resource development. Heterogeneity falls with frictions, but the sustainability of competitive advantage increases. Overall, we show that introducing frictions makes value-based models very effective at integrating analyses at the industry, firm, and resource levels.

Value creation, competition, and performance in buyer-supplier relationships


Strategic Management Journal

January 2011, vol. 32, n°1, pp.76-102

Departments: Strategy & Business Policy, GREGHEC (CNRS)

Keywords: Value-based strategies, Added value, Client-specific scope economies, Buyer-supplier relationships, Professional service firms

The value-based approach to strategy argues that a firm's ability to capture value depends on the extent of its added value. In this paper, I empirically test the link between added value and value capture using a longitudinal dataset of United Kingdom law firm performance, capabilities, and client relationships. In this setting, competitors relevant for defining a firm's added value are those that share a client with the firm. Further, within a client relationship, value creation, and hence added value, can be decomposed in two parts: product-line capability and client-specific scope economies. I find that added value, measured at the level of each buyer-supplier relationship, is a driver of relationship stability and supplier profitability. This suggests that suppliers with similar capabilities might enjoy different economic returns depending on the composition of their set of relevant competitors. These findings shed light on the conditions under which firms can appropriate returns from their capabilities. They indicate that concepts from cooperative games can be fruitfully applied to empirical studies of firm performance and to the elaboration of insights from the resource-based view of the firm


L’abominevole diritto. Gay e lesbiche, giudici e legislatori Prefazione di Stefano Rodotà / Despicable Laws. Gays and Lesbians, Judges and Legislators


Il Saggiatore


Proibizioni, discriminazioni, persecuzioni. Spronato dall’interdetto biblico, in ogni tempo il diritto è stato strumento di soprusi ed esclusioni contro gay e lesbiche. Proprio per aver vestito quest’abito, ancora non del tutto abbandonato, si può qualificarlo come «abominevole». È inevitabile per il diritto, quando incontra la vita, diventare abominevole? No, non lo è. Anni di battaglie e di rivendicazioni hanno aperto la strada alla «rivoluzione della dignità», e in alcuni paesi l’attesa di uguaglianza delle persone omo sessuali di fronte alla legge è diventata effettiva. Il diritto ha sa puto gradualmente riscattarsi dall’abominio, riaccordarsi con la sua carica simbolica, riconquistare la sua funzione di legittimazione di princìpi e comportamenti civili. Non in Italia. Nel nostro paese, il Parlamento resiste impavido nel silenzio e nell’inerzia. Scomparsa ogni iniziativa sulle unioni di fatto, bloccate le norme contro l’omofobia, in Italia si sfrena l’aggressione – fisica e verbale – verso l’altro. Matteo M. Winkler e Gabriele Strazio, attraverso dilanianti casi giudiziari, fanno rivivere il tormentato cammino della giurisprudenza, indirizzato al riconoscimento di alcuni diritti fondamentali per le comunità Lgbt. Dall’abolizione delle leggi antisodomia alla conquista delle leggi antiomofobia, dal riconoscimento delle unioni civili ai matri moni gay, dalla procreazione assistita alle norme sulle adozioni da parte di coppie omosessuali, L’abomi - nevole diritto delinea, in una panoramica internazionale, il processo di adattamento delle leggi alle identità e agli orientamenti sessuali. Non distogliendo l’attenzione dalla realtà italiana, in cui questo processo, quasi godendo di un primato negativo, è maggiormente ostacolato e represso

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