Will the TTIP Lead to a “Race to the Bottom” in Environmental and Health Protection?
The trade deal currently being negotiated between the US and the EU is one of the most ambitious ever conceived, with a chapter dedicated to promote the convergence of the respective policies across the Atlantic. While this has triggered fears of a “race to the bottom”, i.e. to lower health and safety standards, a new paper argues that the treaty could actually be a chance to “level up” instead of down.
Codes of conduct: a new legal tool for protecting consumers
In theory, codes of conduct - rules that an organization agrees to follow – do not have legal force. Indeed, they have long been regarded as nothing more than simple marketing tools. And yet, all the evidence seems to suggest that, by imposing compliance with good business practices, such codes increasingly regulate trade. Moreover, in recent years, codes of conduct have even helped protect consumers by providing a basis in law for legal proceedings.
Will openness and transparency strengthen democracy in the EU?
The principle of openness is set to fling open the doors of institutions hitherto perceived as having been created and operated by elites and hidden from democratic scrutiny. But will openness, meant to improve transparency and participation, really enhance political legitimacy and accountability so as to strengthen democracy in the EU?
Energy Transition: Why the EU is going black instead of green
In this video, Jean-Michel Gauthier, Affiliate Professor of Energy Economics & Finance, explains that even though the world has gone through one of the worst recessions ever, the energy market only shows little sign of moving on to a more sustainable path.
Renewable energies in Europe: A priori beliefs and institutional pressure hinder investments
Even though renewable energies are increasingly considered the energy sources of the future and continue to receive significant public support, their share in investment portfolios remains small. Andrea Masini and Emanuela Menichetti investigate the nonfinancial factors that hold private investors back.