Aller au contenu principal
A propos d'HEC A propos d'HEC Faculté et Recherche Faculté et Recherche Grande Ecole
& Masters Grande Ecole
& Masters
Programmes MBA Programmes MBA Programme PhD Programme PhD Executive Education Executive Education Summer School Summer School HEC Online HEC Online
A propos d'HEC En bref En bref Qui sommes-nous ? Qui sommes-nous ? Egalité des chances Egalité des chances Centre Carrières Centre Carrières International International Vie du campus Vie du campus Stories Stories Fondation HEC Fondation HEC Faculté et Recherche À propos À propos Corps professoral Corps professoral Départements Départements Centres Centres Chaires Chaires Knowledge Knowledge Grande Ecole
& Masters
Grande Ecole Programme
Grande Ecole
MSc International
Finance MSc International
MS et MSc MS et MSc Programmes
X-HEC Programmes
Doubles Diplômes
en Admission directe Doubles Diplômes
en Admission directe
Visiting students Visiting students Certificats Certificats Vie
Etudiante Vie
Programmes MBA MBA MBA EMBA EMBA TRIUM EMBA TRIUM EMBA Programme PhD Overview Overview HEC Difference HEC Difference Program details Program details Research areas Research areas HEC Community HEC Community Placement Placement Job Market Job Market Admissions Admissions Financing Financing Executive Education Executive Mastères Executive Mastères Certificats Executive Certificats Executive Programmes courts Executive Programmes courts Executive Online Online Executive MBA Executive MBA Formez vos équipes Formez vos équipes Summer School Youth Leadership Initiative Youth Leadership Initiative Summer programs Summer programs Admissions Admissions FAQ FAQ HEC Online En bref En bref Programme diplômant Programme diplômant Certificats Executive Certificats Executive MOOCs MOOCs


Robots can improve student learning, but can’t replace teachers

Telepresence robots are used at HEC in courses. In this interview, HEC Researcher Professor Sangseok You shares his insights on the utilization of robots in education.

Kristine De Valck, Associate Professor of Marketing at HEC Paris, uses telepresence robots (from awabot company) for connecting with students who cannot be physically present: “We used the robots for one of our PhD Pedagogy course. One of our students was in the USA and another one, who just had a baby, was in Paris. They attended the course just as if they were in class with us. Despite their physical absence, we really could interact with them.” 

Assistant Professor Sangseok You found in his latest research that people often treat robots as if they have a personality and knowledge: robots manifest actions and they seem to display emotions and intentions. His research has also shown that organizational teams become more performant when working with a robot. Knowing that, we can ask ourselves if a relationship between a robot and students can improve learning.

Why using robots in the classroom?

Robots are being introduced to many areas that require interactions between entities at a distance. Education is an area where robots can bring about changes, for instance, in learner’s attitudes, engagement, and they can therefore eventually increase the learning effectiveness.

How can a robot improve learning?

Like in telemedicine, students can have real-time interaction with their instructor and the other students in courses when they are in different places, through a telepresence robot. Compared to simple teleconferencing (e.g. using Skype), the use of those robots can result in higher levels of immersion and participation of the students partly because of their physical embodiment. So the interaction will be more visceral and spontaneous than in situations where the person in distance is represented through video screens or laptops. Indeed, researchers have found that when the robot mimics human motions with robotic arms (when they have arms), showing hand gestures and gazes from the person on the other side, they can be closer to their off-line counterpart than without this kind of robot.

Sangseok You dessin



The use of those robots can result in higher levels of immersion and participation of the students partly because of their physical embodiment. 

So, can the personification of the robot maintain or develop a close relation between persons at distance?

Yes. In my research, we show that when people interact with a robotic agent, including touching and bumping into it, they develop psychological attachment, attraction, and friendship. The phenomenon is so powerful that, for instance, students of a remote class can form a commitment to the course, feel closer to their instructor, and experience cohesive and cooperative classroom environments, all at distance.

Can robots then also replace human teachers?

Robots will and should never replace human teachers, but they can be a good complement. Indeed, the mere presence of a robot in a classroom is reported to promote class participation and learning effectiveness at schools. Furthermore, robots that never get tired can load off human teachers’ work, such as repeating course content, grading, and other administrative tasks.